عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Participation in the area of planning and designing urban public space as a right of civilians is the pre. Condition of development which elevates the quality level of cooperation and social security and Promotes the education of low – income class of society. In terms of objective. This study is an applied study and in terms of objective, this study is an applied study and in terms nature is qualitative which is based on theory making method according to the data (data- based the org making). Accordingly, this study first investigates the present theory in this area and then introduces the practical methods which are applied by some designers to achieve this matter. These methods include:
The R.S.V.P cycles (lawrence Halprin). Participation ladder (Arestein). The evaluation method of rural participation or PRA (chambers), participation sorting (white), the field of children, s participation ( Francis). In the rest of the study the principles and criteria of planning as well as the methods of citizens, participation in to them are evaluate in this study, the participation designing is considered a process and some methods used by architects for participative designing of views, are introduced.