عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This paper aims at studying the outcome and experience of Indigenous clusters in
development of local networks, with emphasis on Garmeh and Shib Deraz villages in
Iran. In the course of this research, both qualitative and quantitative techniques have
been employed. 14 interviews were conducted with active members of the indigenous
cluster. The data from interviews were used to qualitatively analyze the motivations of
forming the Indigenous cluster; the strengths and weaknesses, problems of members,
and viewpoints of local people of Grameh and Shibderaz villages were identified.
Questionnaires were distributed to collate relevant data. Out of 200 questionnaires
administered, 159 were perfectly filled by eligible respondent. Researcher had traveled
three times to Garmeh village in Isfahan province and several times to Shib Deraz
village in Qeshm Island. Familiarity with these two villages and leveled interaction
with the Indigenous people increase accuracy of response from the questionnaires and
involvement of participants.
The result from both sides of the study indicates that local accommodation causes
an improvement in the livelihood of local sect. The result also shows that political
process and economic policies on ecotourism development in Iran needs a brace up.
Effective policies should be promulgated to provide the real needs of ecotourism based
on the sustainable development. Also, government through constructive ideas can
attract the participation of Indigenous investors to make suitable Infrastructure for