عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
We have been faced considerable developments in maritime trade after 2nd world
war. Development of maritime trade led to considerable dependence of countries to
free shipping. Thus, maritime issues are considered as subset of national security. This
is because access to capital and market is important factor of world new order and it
depends on sea lanes and important straits. Therefore, main security concern,
especially in relation to opponents, requires precise strategic consideration for
confrontation with trade wars. Thus, this issue is reason for what cold war
considerations are invalided and new problems are posed in front of countries.
Alongside with ever-growing importance of maritime trade, international straits also
have special position in sea new geopolitics. Although important straits had key role in
past too, but currently they are important economically. This issue in time after cold
war is reason which reduces importance of some straits and gives some other straits
special importance due to position that they have in world trade routes.
This research along with considering changes made in meaning and context of
strategic straits in two geopolitical periods, tries to analyze effects of policies and
powers on these straits. Results yielded from this issue indicate that Indian Ocean and
its important straits due to key role that they play in maritime trade, they are very
important and this is reason of competition between world powers in these straits.