عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), Currently consisting of China,
Russia and four Central Asian states (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikstan), covers more than three fifths of the Eurasian Landmass and represents one
quarter of the world population. Hn that sense it is the biggest security organisation in
the world next to the UN.The SCO is also the only international security organization,
where China is a member and the United States is not.As will be demonstrated below
central Asia is at the centre of the organisation both in a geographical and political
sense.if India, Pakistan and Iran, which joined the organization in 2005 as observers
(Plus Mongolia in 2004) are included, the organization represents about half the world
population and contains four nuclear powers.
The organzation calls for greter economic cooperation among its members ,and at a
meeting on September 23, 2003, Wen Jiabao, the premier of the Peoples Republic of
China (PRC) ,proposed the establishment over the long term of an SCO – wide free
trade area designed to improve the flow of goods in the region by easing trade
restrictions, such as tariffs.
The SCO, s Security agenda is vast.The organization has been compared to the
Warsaw pact and referred to as the " NATO of the East.