عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Security is taken account as one of the most essential factors for duration of
sovereignty. Some phenomena challenge stare sovereignty through geographical
context as both partially and broadly. Different form conventional challenging factors,
so- called sectionalism or divergence, this new phenomenon include mostly marginal
regions of the state; where territory of the state can be vertically and horizontally
recognized and called as holes in the state.
Although historically displeased form regional divergence, however, Iran territory
has been encountered with partial problem and phenomena inside the country.
Previously, because of extensive nature such phenomena or holes in the state has been
increased and is warming more than regional divergence.
In addition to recognize various kinds of holes in the state and definable variables
for holes in the state in Iran territory that is those challenging phenomena spreading as
organized threatening for social cultural, economical as well as political aspects of
sovereignty, through this dissertation it is aim to recognize and estimate effectiveness
of holes in the state and kinds of extension through various provinces based on
quantitative methods and content analysis.
Form findings of the study it can be indicated that the most effective and the most
extensive holes in the state in case of Iranian territory can be recognized in kind of
cultural, social and economical, respectively.
Moreover, it can be distinguished that many cases of these phenomena spread from
marginal to central regions; having increasing effect and extension.