عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The cultivation of tea was made popular in Iran in 1899 by Kashefosaltaneh . It
is currently cultivated in an expansive area covering approximately 34000hectare in
the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and now over 107 plants are processing and
producing this crop in different areas of tea cultivation.
By recently years about 47.6 percent of national tea consumption was supplied
domestically and the rest was imported. In recent years, the NDP share in proportion to
whole national consumption has degraded (decreased) to 12.5%. Now over one
hundred years have passed since the earlier date of tea cultivation begun. This
industry, however faces its critical conditions.
This crisis was intensified and accelerated in 2004 due to the refusal show by plants to
buy the green tea leaf .
This research mainly aims to identity the existing problems of tea cultivation and
industry as well as the effective factors affecting it. The research is based on data that
were obtained through field research in eleven model tea cultivation farm and through
studying some documents extracted from archives in national tea organization and
other processed sources. Additionally, the collected data were analyzed by reviewing
correlation coefficient between the variables. Also Spearman's non-parametric
correlation coefficient was used to investigate the linear correlation between
The result shows that the ecological condition, land ownes system, green leaf
pricing system and policy, method of producing tea and commercial system all
constitute interrelated collection that influence the crisis of tea cultivation and industry
in Iran. As a result, Iranian tea has no suitable quality and the authorities can not
supply more qualitative tea than the competition.