عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Iran is one of those countries that has affected by population movements in some
periods of it’s long history. These movements were mostly because of wars and
inversions. But in recent century the political and economic aspects have dominated
the mentioned factors. The historical background of migration in Iran has its roots in
the population, economic and political characteristics and the rate of population growth
in Iran in comparison with the whole world has been much more. the spatial
distribution of population is so that some of the areas of Iran enjoy more favorable
facilities for the settlement and suitable activities for the settlers. And this fact results
in the migration from some areas to other areas.
The development policies and the management activities are also among the factors
that have resulted in unequal development and have facilitated the natural conditions in
the absorbing and driving the population from one area to another. To this factor
should be also be added the type of living and the settlement system of the population
from the urban and rural point of view and therefore it should be emphasize on the
continues reduction of the population of the small villages.
The great income difference between cities and villages is not only seen in the whole
country but also among the provinces and inside them and is one of the backgroundmaking
factors for migration. The unsuitable of investment system in different parts of
the country from one side and the diversity of environmental conditions with socioeconomic
and tribal specifications of the country on the other hand are also of such a
type that make many problems and difficulties for a comprehensive definition and
policy-making, and has limited its effects. In such conditions a more exact survey of
the subject for finding the essential strategies is unavoidable.
Key Words: Iran, population, migration, development, city, rural, socio-economic.