عنوان مقاله [English]
The research method is descriptive - analytical and data collection and survey documents. Sampling has been done in two levels, firstly in terms of region which is the unit for analyzing rural areas and it includes Miandeh, Nasir-Abad, Rahim-Abad, and Sade; secondly there are the sample villages which are the unit for analyzing the residents in the rural areas. It is based on the last consensus in 1390 which totaled 2101 household. In the present study, for defining the suitable sample, Kukran formula has been applied, and the right sample for this population equals 325 household. In analyzing the data, social challenges arising from the drought crisis includes five factors, namely general societal impacts, security, quality of life, education, health and well-being. The whole set of social challenges is there to explain 57.190 of total variance of the social challenges of rural villages in Miandeh .schools are discussed. The results of the present study sheds light on the necessity of paying attention to social aspect and its vulnerability when drought occurs because, not paying attention to this aspect at the time of drought leads to critical challenges in development.