عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Sedentarization was put into force since the Islamic Revolution and at the outset of
the 2nd National, Social, Economic and Cultural Development Plan, aiming to
promotion of Nomadic livelihoods and improvement of the rangelands, followed by
the 3rd and 4th Plan, too.
Government mainly addresses enhancement of nomadic livelihoods through
supporting them at self-generated and preplanned development sites, and has so far
sedentarized more than 58000 nomadic households at these spots.
This research examines the spatial, economic and social consequences of
sedentarization at 3 different sites e.g. Shiblu Sayedabad (Koom) and Seikh Maroof in
West Azarbaijan. Research methodology, upon the basic queries, relied on 4
presumptions. Results disclosed that after sedentarization, number of animals dropped
against generation of other occupations, followed by rangelands improvement.
Moreover, there seen certain changes in nomadic relationships with surrounding cities
or villages within the summer and winter fields premises. In terms of social and well
being dimensions, more changes are experienced, but at economic scale, wheareas
higher income generated for the nomads, but this factor couldn’t promptly cause their
full satisfaction. The core advice on nomadic sedentarzation process in W-Azarbaijan
mainly focuses on prevention of further township building at their new sites.