عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The aim of this article is to identify and introduce the places ,attractions and natural potentiality due to attract echo tourists in Shafarood Basin - an area in Rezvanshahr city located in the west of Guilan province in order to promote occupations and development of this area by using of descriptive and analytical method ,library studies, and field observation based upon the maps of topography 1:50000 geology and 1:100000 and air maps and satellite pictures has been done .one of the tourism forms which is developed in recent century is the echo tourism. Because of being the beautiful natural landscapes (Alborz and Talesh mountains, thick mantle of vegetation, Caspian sea, Anzali Talab and etc), about sixty five percent of tourists in the national scale and regional area travel to Guilan province .This basin has stretched about 36000 hektares.It is a mountainous area with an average sea level about 1500 m having cold and mild climate with high humidity and an annually rainfall about 1400 mm.
The study results showed that because of the mechanism of elements and process of inside and outside of landscape beauties such as the too steep cliffs(around Genzakhavar, khilga), plenty of springs (Arda, Zendaneh and etc), deep valleys covered with thick vegetation(around Barzakhou and Sadarasar) mountainous waterfalls along the rivers(Miyanrood, Pargam, Khijadara), concave and convex mountain slopes covered with plant vegetation and pasture land (Shafarood, Beren, Dashtdaman), high mountains and rather high mountain (1000 – 2700 m) and the country side areas ( Arde, vaske, Dashtdaman, Zendaneh, Beren ), the thick forest with rare species of plants( Rashestanhay -e - Lamir ) and interesting and pleasure views of countryside (Roshandeh, Almas, ardah ,Zendaneh and Dashtdaman), The mild summer and snowy winter ,altogether have provided fascinating scenes for tourists particularly for echo tourists .
Apart from natural potentiality, locating the areas of this basin along the Sento (Fuman – Miyaneh) the being constructed Shafarood dam ( above the main river of the basin) passing the connection route of Anzali – Astara from the end of basin as the man made features can increase the potentiality of this territory being studied to attract the enough tourists.