عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
One of most complex problems in urban planning in the late twentieth century was
confronting the ever increasing metropolitan traffic , which has hindered the process of
development.In different urban planning, the internal traffic control network has a
significant affact in urban expansion.These network not only manage civilian and
motor traffic but they are partly responsible for metropolitan progress.The intra -city
traffic network, which is responsible for intra - city road side construction ,
encourages a linear growth of development, whereas the inter –city traffic networks
encourages development in the area around junctions.
Achieving a high standard standara of living in a city is directly influenced by its
Strategic research has suggested that by the year 2020 urban stability will be obtained
through technology in urban transportation when the correct correlation is found
between urban transportation systems and economic growth.
This paper will provide a world -wide historical overview of the birth of the
metropolis focusing on the introducation of automobiles between the 1950' s to the s
and beyond. The paper will also attempt to introduce the major concerns ’1980 each
decade regarding metropolitan transportation so that a framework of interventions of
word -wide metropolitan traffic can be concluded.Morever using guidelines of urban
planning and considering the theories of sustainable urban development, Tehran s
public transportation system and its affect on urban development will be discussed.