عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Historical areas in the cities are suffering from lack of development due to
traditional texture, erosion of settled area, difficult access, weakness of infrastructures,
environmental problems and so forth.
Some projects have been done in different countries to solve the problems of
historical areas of the cities. These projects are in the following froms: renovation,
restoration, and rehabilitation. Different phylosophical visions in urban planning
controls the approaches. At the begining of industrial revolution up to 1960, historical
area of cities were ignored by urban planners and so the planners were interested in
making new cities. During this time, modifications were mainly temporary, just in
forms and regardless of social-economical conditions of the regions and cities.
In the sixties, restoration of historical areas in cities and gentrification along with
reconstruction of the old city and construction of new cities similar to the old ones
based on social norms and values were in the center of attention.
In this time, rehabilitation, renovation, restoration of residentials in historical area
were prepared based on economical, social and form studies by using different ideas
and suggestions. This paper reviews different techniques and models of renovation of
historical areas of the cities.