عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The basis of geostrategic scopes during cold war which had been built upon
military force, geographic space and ideologic influence was destroyed because of
many reasons including high cost of arms and support for satellite countries,
emergence of technologic revolution, and development of communications.
Meawhile, with decrease in the role of military and ideologic issues, groupings
and competitious between the two superpowers and their allies which were defined and
analyzed on the basis of militarism weakened, and the factors of workforce and
economic resources were introduced as the index of “better development and power”.
At present the strategic regions are classified on the basis of gross national product,
human resources, and national resources. Specifcally the mark of power in the twentyfirst
century is the economic capabilities at the internatiunal level, controlling
prodution system, supply and consumption of economic goods. This is why the
geostrategic regions are mached with the regions that have abundant natural resources
(specially energy resoures) as well as substantial gross national product.
Therefore, the region of the broader middle east, specially the Persion Gulf and
Caspian Sea play a very special “geoeconomic” role in the twenty-first century as they
have more than 70 percrent of energy resources (Oil and Gas). The Islamic Repulic of
Iran, which was considered an important country during Cold War, has been currently
mached with the global geoconomic situation. And it’s regional sitution during cold
war has turned to an excellent international situation in world considerations.
This exceptional situation is irreplaceble and will become a pivotal role in formulating
the strategies related to the world power systems.
The natural domination of the Islamic Republic of Iran over Hormoz Strait and
the strategic islands around it, as well as having borders with the world’s second
largest oil and gas resource in the North has made this country an important factor in
establishing peace and stability in the twenty-first century. Meanwhile, the Islamic
Republic of Iran should formulate a “geopolitic agenda” which can on the one hand,
answer the regional and global problems and demands, and on the other hand ensure
the national security and interests, and realize the Islamic Revolution’s causes in the
best possible way.