عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Socio-economic changes have important effects in rural regions and life. These effects
differ per environmental characteristics, economic systems and social institutes and in
some instances, they play positive roles in rural life while in other times, they serve as
source of challenges and contradictions in rural areas.
This paper discusses challe--nges, which have appeared in Fomanat rural area in West
Guilan as consequences of socio-economic changes of the region.
The data of research has been collected through literature review and field studies. The
collected data have been analyzed based on "principal component /factor analysis "
and has computed the degree of facilities of different villages.
The results show that recent socio-economic changes have exposed villages to challenges
and conflicts. In conclusion, challenges have been analyzed; accordingly.