عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
According to the Russian leader's ideas, traditional sphere of Soviet Union particularly, central Asia and Caucasus, is the first defensive trend for protecting of Russian national security, and it should be looking to exert dominance over the region, on the context of the Tosarist Russia and soviet. Nevertheless, Russia during the two past decades, has taken different approaches towards central Asia and Caucasus, that, at first glance it may associated to confusion of kremlin leaders; but with scrutiny about the reason of adopting such a procedure can be realized that the approaches have been just tactical and in order to achieve the overall strategy in central Asia and Caucasus. Current trends, indicate that, Russian administration with its long-term strategy, have always been looking for Russia as an empire of oil and acting with their promotion, able to play the geopolitical key role in energy, And exploit Russia's energy resources and also energy transfer pipeline monopoly as a mean of political and economical to provide the geopolitical benefits of country in Eurasia, especially in relations with Europe union. In this research we want to answer this question that what are the obstacles in achieving the goals for Russia after cold war in central Asia and Caucasus? It seems that some of the obstacles are Ethnic - cultural wars in Caucasus and after that the presence of Trans-regional powers in this area that in this research we focus on this two issues.